r _Web.log

tag: internet

Le Mundaneum

As an addendum to my earlier post following an IHT article, here's another thing they picked up from AP last year: The Web That Time Forgot, a report on Belgian taxonomist Paul Otlet and his early sketches towards a global information network - from the early 1930s, anticipating the internet by almost half a century.

In 1934, Otlet sketched out plans for a global network of computers (or "electric telescopes," as he called them) that would allow people to search and browse through millions of interlinked documents, images, audio and video files. He described how people would use the devices to send messages to one another, share files and even congregate in online social networks. He called the whole thing a "réseau," which might be translated as "network" — or arguably, "web."

The article quotes technojournalist Kevin Kelly, part of his research for a forthcoming book on the future of technology. Kelly has previously written about Otlet in relation to a documentary film about his life and his "Mundaneum" informative archive, which included such mind-boggling features as a primitive search engine (with submissions submitted to its archivist team by post).

There's also a free documentary on Otlet available on archive.org.

Such impressive technical foresight recalls the 17th century (!) writings of Francis Bacon, who describes, in New Atlantis, a future utopia:

We represent and imitate all articulate sounds and letters, and the voices and notes of beasts and birds. We have certain helps which, set to the ear, do further the hearing greatly; we have also divers strange and artificial echoes, reflecting the voice many times, and, as it were, tossing it; and some that give back the voice louder than it came, some shriller and some deeper; yea, some rendering the voice, differing in the letters or articulate sound from that they receive. We have all means to convey sounds in trunks and pipes, in strange lines and distances."

— Francis Bacon, New Atlantis (1626)

Obama to nominate net neutrality advocate to head FCC

K http://www.theregister.co.uk/.../genachowski_next_fcc_chair/

The Register reports today that Barack Obama is to nominate Julius Genachowski, net neutrality advocate and his campaign's tech advisor, as the next head of the FCC. As the body responsible for regulating all communications in the US, including internet traffic, this is critical to the debate over network neutrality and should hopefully make these regulations a reality, securing the openness of information that has thus far characterised the net (though undoubtedly the debate will rage on).

Though net neutrality is less of a big deal in the UK due to the larger marketplace for ISPs that the average consumer has to select from, there's a good chance that the knock-on effects of this scenario will have ripples over here, as this article suggests. It's certainly a step forward for America's current fence-sitting communications policies.

What will happen to such travesties as the "PATRIOT" Act, dirtily slipped through Congress in the wake of 9/11 and enabling all manner of novel underhanded surveillance techniques, remains to be seen...